The University of Miami Miller School of Medicine offers an integrated approach involving radiation therapy, radiosurgery, neurosurgery, and chemotherapy for the treatment of benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) brain and spine tumors. A number of innovative clinical studies are being conducted on selected types of tumors, including anaplastic astrocytoma, central nervous system lymphoma, glioblastoma multiforme, and brain metastases.
Radiation therapy plays an important role in the treatment of breast cancer. The usual course of radiation involves treatment five days a week for six to seven-and-a-half weeks. Patients with very early stages of breast cancer may be treated for only five days following tumor removal by high dose rate implantation techniques.
Radiation can be used to successfully treat a variety of eye cancers and benign eye problems as well as cancers that occur outside of the eye but within the bony orbit. The cancers that can be treated with radiation include melanomas of the eye, retinoblastoma in children, spread of another cancer into the eye (uveal metastasis) or orbit, lymphomas of the conjunctiva, orbit or primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL), sarcomas of the orbit, squamous cell carcinoma and other cancers of the eyelid and lacrimal gland (tear gland) and lacrimal duct cancers.
The family of gastrointestinal cancer includes cancers arising from the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, anus, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, and biliary tree. The treatment varies depending on the tumor type, location, size, and extent of disease. Standard treatment methods include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and a combination of two or three of these modalities. The optimal treatment for each patient is determined by a group of specialists with expertise in gastrointestinal cancers.
At Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, we take a multidisciplinary approach to head and neck cancer treatment, which may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Specialists in otolaryngology/head-neck surgery, medical oncology, radiation oncology, radiology, and pathology work together to optimize treatment plans for every patient.
Every year approximately 75,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with some form of a malignant tumor of the female genital tract that includes the uterus, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and vulva/vagina. The first sign of gynecologic cancer usually pertains to vaginal bleeding, especially following menopause. A gynecologic oncologist, a physician with advanced fellowship training in the use of surgery and chemotherapy for the evaluation and management of malignant tumors of the female pelvis, usually makes the diagnosis.
While the current mainstay of treatment for most cases of lymphoma and multiple myeloma is chemotherapy, radiation therapy continues to have an important role in the management of the disease.
Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center takes a multidisciplinary approach to treating lung cancer. Our team of lung cancer specialists includes thoracic surgeons, medical oncologists, pulmonologists, radiologists, pathologists, and radiation oncologists. This highly specialized team works together to optimize treatment plans for every patient.
For those who are diagnosed with prostate or bladder cancer, choosing the appropriate treatment can be challenging.
For low-risk prostate cancers for which there is a high probability that the disease is contained within the prostate, there are multiple treatment options. Patients may be considered for external beam radiation, prostate brachytherapy, radical prostatectomy or active surveillance. Each patient must discuss options with his physician to determine the best course of treatment for his individual case.
Soft tissue sarcomas are rare malignant tumors that generally involve the arms, legs, trunk, or head and neck region. They often present as painless lumps and may first be noticed after an unrelated traumatic event draws attention to the site.
The diagnosis is usually made when an orthopedic oncologist performs a needle biopsy of the lesion. A multidisciplinary team of UHealth physicians in the fields of orthopedic oncology, pathology, radiology, radiation oncology, and medical oncology then meet to determine the best treatment approach for the particular patient.
Treatment of an area that has previously received radiation is very difficult and greatly increases the risk of side effects if not done properly.
UMMG radiation oncologists have extensive experience in the use of radiation to successfully treat a variety of benign eye problems, including pseudotumor (benign lymphoid infiltrate), thyroid eye disease (Graves’ disease), meningiomas, and hemangiomas (proliferation of blood vessels). The goal is to stabilize or eliminate the disease, prevent progression, and attempt to preserve vision.